Thursday, April 9, 2009

posting 6

BLOG QUESTIONNAIRE-SKBP 1023 Age:21 Tutorial Group: LECTURER En Affendi Hamat
1. Do you enjoy blogging? Yes.because there are really difficult to posting about the topic on given.Actually i will be more enjoying if i posting about the economic and social issue and also about our life.
2.Based on your experience what is the benefit of blogging?
3.Do you need more assistance to set up your blog ? the benefit of blogging is we can share our opinion and suggestion about something we also help we to improve our grammar and vocabulary term.Yes.because i need more assistance to enhance my grammar and also vocabulary.
4.Do you have any memorable/favorite topic in your blog?
5.List 5 advantages of blogging for you
a)enhance my grammar
b)improve my vocabulary
c)changing our opinion
d)giving our suggestion
e)enhance my knowledge when i research some topic
6.List 5 disadvantages of blogging
a)giving wrong knowledge if some topic is untrue
b)can make chaos to country if some topic is create controversy
c)There is a risk that an ill-judged comment could be seized upon by the media or disgruntled investors.
d)It can be tricky to drag public comment out of a company without first routing through the sanitizing filter of a press office.
e)Most people don’t have very much to say that’s interesting, and/or are unable to write down their ideas in a compelling and clear manner.
7.Will you continue blogging after the course?
Yes, because i can express whatever i want to and give some experience to the society
8.Do you think that blogging improve your writing?
9.Do you think that we should continue with blogging activity for the next batch of students?
10.Will you recommend your friend to blog
11.Can you teach a friend to set up his or her blog

Sunday, April 5, 2009

Posting 5:Concordence

Article 1 (by: John Flowerdew) Concordancing is a means of accessing a corpus of text to show how any given word or phrase in the text is used in the immediate contexts in which it appears. By grouping the uses of a particular word or phrase on the computer screen or in printed form, the concordancer shows the patterns in which the given word or phrase is typically used. Concordancing has a variety of applications. One of the earliest of these was in the field of lexicography and dictionary making. This work has resulted in the Collins Cobuild dictionary, in which the entries make use of authentic concordanced examples. Concordancing has also been used in the field of stylistics and literary research, as well as in purely linguistic research. Typically, these applications depend upon large corpora of text which in many cases run to millions of words. This paper will not concern itself with these areas, but will focus on the application of concordancing in language learning, where smaller corpora can be employed, with particular emphasis on classroom teaching, learning, and curriculum design. In addition to use by classroom teachers and by learners, a number of other concordancing applications related to various aspects of curriculum development have been made. One such application is in syllabus design. In line with ideas set out by Sinclair and Renouf (1988), Willis and Willis (1988) have developed a complete general English syllabus and set of course books based on concordancing. Another area of the curriculum where it has been suggested concordancing can play a role is that of testing. Butler ( 1991) has promoted the idea of cloze tests based not on complete texts but on single line concordances. Each question in such a test would consist of a number of concordance lines with the same word deleted. A further application of concordancing is in the field of error analysis, or interlanguage studies. Concordances based on corpora of learner data can reveal the typical features of learner language from different language backgrounds and at different stages of linguistic development. Article 2 (by: Elke st.John)Concordancing is a tool that has been used extensively by linguistic and literary researchers. A concordance is a list of the occurrences of either a particular word, or a part of a word or a combination of words in context and it is drawn from a text corpus, which is presented in context. A corpus is a large body of text often in electronic format. Linguistic and applied linguistic researchers are not the only group who can benefit from the use of concordancing as a tool for language learning (i.e., as a means of exploring the meanings and uses of words in their authentic contexts. A concordance program enables research into the lexical, syntactic, semantic, and stylistic patterns of a language. Concordancer and monolingual text corpora (comprising only one language) have already been employed by both the language teacher and learner in classroom exercises. Typical exercises using a monolingual English corpus have included vocabulary building and the exploration of the grammatical and discourse features of texts. Besides that, in a well-known quote, Johns advocates the DDL (Data Driven Language) approach. The advantage of this approach is that, in a classroom situation, it enables the teacher to play a less active role whilst at the same time exposes the student to authentic texts like those found in a monolingual corpus. What distinguishes the DDL approach is the attempt to cut out the middleman as much as possible and give direct access to the data so that the learner can take part in building his or her own profiles of meanings and uses. The assumption that underlies this approach is that effective language learning is itself a form of linguistic research, and that the concordance printout offers a unique resource for the stimulation of inductive learning strategies -- in particular, the strategies of perceiving similarities and differences and of hypothesis formation and testing. REFLECTIONS: The benefits of concordance will enable learners to be truly autonomous and responsible for their own learning because searches are learner-initiated that it can be guaranteed the learning corresponds to learner needs. Also, by searching into language use, learners able to develop an overall language awareness. Besides that, in using the concordance as a source of input for teaching, teachers can generate authentic instances of usage to present to students when teaching a particular language point. In addition, the students will become more aware of a need for data, information about how the language is used. Such awareness may arise from a more communicative task such as writing a report, language-oriented exercise, vocabulary or grammar exercise and others. URL:

Posting 4:EBScohost with two aticles and ict E-Learning article

The definition for EBSCOhostis it offers customizable basic andvance searching supported by Boolean logic,enhanced subject indexing and journalsearching to assist patrons in performing through investigations of their research topics.With links from the full record display to related articles by subject,magazine issue or author,patrons can further explore their topic.In addition ,EBSChost allows

Posting 4:EBScohost with two aticles and ict E-Learning article.

The definition for EBSCOhost is it offers customizable basic and advanced searching supported by Boolean logic, enhanced subject indexing and journal searching to assist patrons in performing thorough investigations of their research topics. With links from the full record display to related articles by subject, magazine issue or author, patrons can further explore their topic. In addition, EBSCOhost allows patrons to print, e-mail or download multiple articles. EBSCOhost offers a range of advanced searching features. Results can be limited or refined by various criteria including subject, author, journal, date, peer-reviewed status and full text availability. In addition, researchers can build upon their search terms by using EBSCOhost's search history and search builder capabilities.

Two articles on EBSCOhost are Public Relations In Schools and E-Learning Programs In Higher Education.

For Public Relations In Schools, This article presents an overview of public relations strategies and concepts for public schools. The role of public relations in public education began with higher education applying public relations methods used in business to promote their programs with competitors. Public relations involves far more than publicity. "Educational public relations" means genuine cooperation in planning and working for good schools with the community. Collaborating with internal and external publics becomes a two-way process by means of the flowing of ideas between school and community. Through thoughtful design and engagement public relations builds the basis for mutual understanding and effective team work between the two. Educational Public Relations is a planned, systematic management function, designed to help improve the programs and services of an educational organization. It relies on a comprehensive, two-way communication process involving both internal and external publics with the goal of stimulating better understanding of the role, objectives, accomplishments, and needs of the organization. Educational public relations programs assist in interpreting public attitudes, identify and help shape policies and procedures in the public interest, and carry on involvement and information activities which earn public support and understanding (National School Public Relations Association, 2002, p. 2). Initially, the role of educational public relations was simply a form of publicity. Some even viewed it negatively as propaganda. The higher education institutions were competing for students and program recognition as well as financial support. The goal was to inform the public about their activities, specific benefits, and programs and since they were patterning their approach to public relations after the business arena, they did not solicit feedback from the public regarding their institutions. This was referred to as the one-way model of public relations. "In 1950 the American Association of School Administrators (AASA) reported that if the public is to support education, education must be visualized as an investment. The best way to accomplish this was for the public to receive accurate and well-reported information from the schools" (Maher, 1997, p. 8). Education is not a "stand-alone" entity. It is an important element for a thriving community and the future of our society. School leaders and boards are established to oversee the education process. However, the entire community is responsible for supporting the education of their children. Educational public relations was initially and is still today the means of providing our citizens with an understanding of the education system and its needs as well as seeking their involvement and support in maintaining and developing quality programs and opportunities for the students.

For E-Learning Programs In Higher Education, This article will focus on the e-Learning industry, which has become an integral part of our society and education. Potential markets have emerged in elementary and secondary education environments as well as in postsecondary institutions and corporations. Learning institutions must look at the trends affecting many of their students, faculty, administration and services. As a result of the emerging trends, seven distinct models of organizational structures in higher education have surfaced. These models will serve as a foundation for different trend references and as an illustration of how different types of educational institutions develop strategic plans for implementing distance education into their programs. Globalization has changed the way people look at education. Given the use of technology and knowledge workers, society is always in constant change. As new products and services are developed, it is essential that organizations, especially higher education institutions, are capable of keeping pace with the demands of students. Technologies like e-Learning can assist in streamlining and improving the organizational processes and systems within higher education institutions. Additionally, even workforce employees can benefit from e-Learning technologies, as they facilitate the learning experience in a knowledge-based economy. The interaction received through e-Learning and distance learning provides users with many benefits that are not offered in a traditional classroom setting. By participating in distance learning, students are able to complete their curricula at their own desired speed. The learning process remains comfortable with eLearning because students can advance to different subject matter when they see fit and can avoid any pace pressures that may come with classroom learning. In customary education settings, students must continue learning at the same pace as their peers. However, this system can intellectually hinder the students because those who advance quickly through a topic must stay at the same pace with those who may need to spend additional time with the same topic. Distance learning avoids this conflict and focuses instead on the needs of the individual student.

Furthermore, for ICT E-Learning, it discusses a catalyst for enriching the learning process and library services in India. In short, The advances in ICTs have decisively changed the library and learning environment. On the one hand, ICTs have enhanced the variety and accessibility to library collections and services to break the barriers of location and time. On the other, the e-Learning has emerged as an additional medium for imparting education in many disciplines to overcome the constraint of physical capacity associated with the traditional classroom methods. For a vast developing country like India, this provides an immense opportunity to provide even higher education to remote places besides extending the library services through networking. Thanks to the recent initiatives by the public and private institutions in this direction, a few web-based instruction courses are now running in the country. This paper reviews different aspects of e-Learning and emerging learning landscapes. It further presents the library scene and new opportunities for its participation in the e-Learning process. How these ICTs driven advances can contribute to the comprehensive learning process in India is highlighted. Reflections: The two articles on EBSCOhost are basically about the importance of education in terms of the communication, e-learning programs and other aspects as well. For articles on public relations in schools, public relations management procedures provide an effective means of informing and receiving input from the community to attain results and achievement. It is important that parents, businesses and the community understand the educational process along with the purposes and goals of programs to provide a quality education for the students. For e-learning programs in higher education, the e-learning industry uses the internet and other technologies that allow individuals to learn from their jobs, homes or schools. Besides that, e-learning, offers real-time learning and application of critical knowledge. Thus, individuals will be able to access the information at anytime and anywhere. As a result, the education as well as training and development function can be convenient and globalized. URL: